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Ӣһȥʽ֪ʶ

Դ:51ߺҽ    :2371    :2016-6-25 9:06:13

ߺҽѼӢһȥʽ֪ʶ

һȥʽʾȥijʱ﷢Ķ״̬ȥϰԡԵĶΪ
ʱ״
Agotwo hours ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week,last(year, night, month), ʱ, just now, at the age of , one day, long ago, once upon a time(ܾǰ), etc.
ʱ仯

1.ֱӼedegwork-- worked ,
2.eβĵʣֱӼdeglive --lived
3 Ըĸ+yβģyΪied egstudy studied
4 ضڽβģ˫дĸĸ+ed eg stop stopped

have/has -- had,eat--ate, seesawam/iswas, gowent, do--didtake--took,run--ran,lend--lent

+ʹȥʽ+
ʽwas/were+not;ΪǰdidntͬʱԭΪ
һʾDid++do+
She often came to help us in those days.
I didnt know you were so busy.


һȥʽĹʽ

϶ʽ ʽ ʽ ʷʽ
I worked Did I work? I did not work Did I not work?
He(she,it) worked Did he(she,it) work? He (she,it)did not work Did he(she,it)not work?
We worked Did we work? We did not work Did we not work?
You worked Did you work? You did not work Did you not work?
They worked Did they work? They did not work Did they not work?
[༭]һȥʱ÷
(1)ȥijضʱ䷢ҲԱʾ(2)ȥϰԵĶһȥʱǿڵӰ죬ֻ˵ȥ
ʽ+ȥ+
I had a word with Julia this morning.糿Ҹ˵˼仰
(1) He smoked many cigarettes a day until he gave up.
ûн̵ӣ̳ÿˡ
(2) һȥʱʾȥʱ״Ӿã磺yesterday, last week, in 1993, at that time, once, during the war, before, a few days ago, when ȵȡ
ݣνﶯһȥʱʱȡڶǷӰ졣
Have you had your lunch? Թ緹𣿣ڲ𣿣
Yes, I have. ǵģѾԹˡѾԱˣٳˡ
When did you have it? ʲôʱԵģĵdzԵĶںʱ
I had it about ten minutes ago. ҴԼʮǰԵġ
Used to do something ʾȥѾֹͣ˵ϰ߶
I used to work fourteen hours a day. ҹȥһʮĸСʱ
I ate it at 645ʮֳˡ
1 ȷĹȥʱ״ʱҪùȥʱ
磺yesterday죩two days agoǰ last yearȥꡭthe other dayǰ죩once upon a timeܾǰ just nowղţin the old daysȥbefore liberationǰ When I was 8 years oldҰʱat+һʱ
Did you have a party the other day
ǰ죬ǿ
Lei Feng was a good soldier.
׷Ǹսʿ
ע
̸ȥ˵ʱùȥʱ
2 ʾȥĶʱҪùȥʱ
£ûбʾȥʱ״ͨʾ
The boy opened his eyes for a momentlooked at the captainand then died.
к۾ſһȻȥˡ
3 ʾȥһʱھ򷴸Ķ
alwaysneverá
Mrs. Peter always carried an umbrella.
˵̫̫ȥǴһɡ
ֻ˵ȥĶǷ񳣴ɡ
Ƚ
Mrs. Peter always carries an umbrella.
˵̫̫Ǵɡ
˵ϰߣȻϰܴһɡ
Mrs. Peter is always carrying an umbrella.
˵̫̫ Ǵһɡʾ˵߶һΪᷳ
I never drank wine.ǰӲȾơ
漰ڣ˵ǷȾƣ
4 ǿѾֹϰʱҪ used to do(ȥڲ)
He used to drink.
ȥȾơ
ζڲȾˡȾֹˣ
I used to take a walk in the morning.
ҹȥ糿ɢ
ζڲ糿ɢˣ
Ƚϣ
I took a walk in the morning.
糿ɢ
ֻ˵ȥһ
5 ЩӣȻûбʾȥȷʱ״ʵָȥĶڵ״̬ĻҲҪùȥʱһ㣬йѧҪرע⣡
I didnt know you were in Paris.
Ҳ֪ڰ衣
Ϊ˵ʱѾ֪ڰˡ仰ָ˵֮ǰֻùȥʱʾʵϣ仰ָBut now I know you are here.
I thought you were ill.
Ϊ㲡ء
仰Ӧ˵֮ǰΪ㲡ˡ֪û

Li Ming studied English this morning.
Ѵ˾Ϊһʾ䣩
1.Did Li Ming studied English this morning
ӦԭΣ
2. Does Li ming Study English this morning
ʱ̬Ӧԭӵʱ̬
3.Was Li Ming studied English this morning
Ӧһ㶯ʣbeʣӦԭͣ
4.Did Li Ming study Enghish this morning
ѹڹȥĶ

϶ be Ϊwas,were v+ed
񶨢 was/were not didnt+v
ʢ was/were+ did++V
ʱ״:
1. yesterday (morning,afternoon,evening)
2. the day before yesterday
3. last night (week,Sunday,weekend,month,winter,year,centeury ͣ
4. ago
5.in 1980 (ȥݣ
6.this morning/afternoon/evening
7.when״Ӿ ȥ
8.in the past
9.just now
10.the other day -- a few days ago
11.at the age of 10 (ȥΣ
12.in the old days
......δ
ʹȥʽ仯
1 ֱӼed egwork worked worked
2 Բeβģ+d eglive lived lived
3 Ըĸ+yβģyΪied egstudy stuied stuied
4 ضڽβģ˫дĸĸ+ed eg stop stopped stopped

egcut cut
read read<עreadreadͬ>
sit sat

[༭]һȥʱͽṹ
1.һ
I watched TV last night.
2.һʾ
Did you watch TV last night?
3.there be
There was an apple on the table last night.
Was there an apple on the table last night?
һȥʱھ
һȥʱѣʾȥ״̬ļ䡣
Ҫùȥʽʱ״ĩվ
񶨾ܼ򵥣didnt վڶԭǰֲҪ䡣
һʾҲñ䣬didھǰԭΡվ
ʾҲ򵥣ʴʼһʾļ䡣
һע⣬ʹȥʽҪμǡ
[༭]ȥʱһ̬
1 Be ʵһȥʱ̬
ûʵ嶯ʵľʹbeʣ am is ĹȥʽΪwas; areĹȥʽΪwere.
ɣ϶䣺+was (were) +
磺I was late yesterday. ҳٵˡ
񶨾䣺+was (were) +not+
磺We werent late yesterday. (ûٵ)
ʾ䣺Was (Were) ++
磺 Were you ill yesterday? 첡𣿣
϶ش Yes, I was. (ǵģҲˡ)
񶨾䣺 No, I wasnt. (û)
ʾ䣺 ʴ+was (were) ++
磺When were you born? ʲôʱģ
2 ʵ嶯ʵһȥʱ̬
϶ҪʹöʵĹȥʽ񶨾ʾҪʹdo does Ĺȥʽ did.
϶Ϊ+ʹȥʽ+
磺 I went home at nine oclock yesterday.ŵӻصļҡ
񶨾䣺+didnt +ԭ+
磺I didnt go home yesterday. (ûؼҡ)
ʾ䣺Did ++ԭ+
磺 Did you go home yesterday? (ؼ)
϶ش Yes, I did. (ǵģһˡ)
񶨻شNo, I didnt. (ûؼҡ)
3 ʺ̬ʹȥʽ£
shallDshouldҪڵһ˳Ƶ
willDwouldҪ˳
can ?couldܣᣩ mayDmightԣ mustDmust 룩
have toDhad toò
ʺ̬ʵĹȥʱ̬ҪʹǵĹȥʽĶʻʹԭΡ
磺 I had to do my homework yesterday. (Ҳòҵ)
һȥʱ
һȥʱҲеȥʱ
AHe worked very hard last year.
ȥù
BMr. Smith bought a new car yesterday.
ʷ˹һ³
CThey were here only a few minutes ago.
ǰǻ
һȥʱ÷£
һȥʱԵdzɱȥ֮ʱĸʻ򸱴ʶбֲ֣ЩһȥʱĸУyesterday, yesterday morning afternoon, evening , just now ղţ, before ǰ , then at that time ʱ , last +ʱ last week, month, year, Monday, January, spring, , etc. , that +ʱ that day, afternoon, summer, , etc. , ʱ + ago a few minutes ago, two weeks ago , years ago, etc.
ȥĸָֻ yesterday, last week, ȣʵϡڶĹȥ༴ڵǰǡ˵ʱļ֮ǰֻҪҪʱ˵ʱġڡγɶͱʹһȥʱ磺
He was here only a few minutes ago.
ǰ
I came home just now.
Ҹջصҡ
A˵ˡthis + ʱ䣬 today, etc.ʱ丱ʳһʱʵֻҪǡ˵ʱڡͱʹһȥʱ磺
I got up very early this morning.
糿𴲺硣
He was late for school again today.
ֳٵˡ
Ӣ﷨11һȥʱ ʱ䣺20090611 ߣ ԴӢʦ 4һȥʱ
1һȥʱĹɣ
öʵĹȥʽνΪʵĴβ仯£

һ +ed
eĸβĸ +d
Ըĸyβ ȥyied
ضڽβĵʣĩβֻһĸ ˫дβĸ+ed 2һȥʱ̬Ŀ϶䡢񶨾ʾʽbelikeΪ

ʽ ʽ ʽ

һ˳ƺ͵˳ƸԼʸ I was a student.
We/You/ They were students.
He/ She was a student.
I / We/ You/ They/ liked music.
Many people liked music. I was not a student.
We/You/ They were not students.
He/ She was not a student.
I / We/ You/ They/ didnt like music.
Many people didnt like music. Were you a student.
Were you/ they students?
Was he/ she a student?
Did you/ they like music?
Did many people like music? 3һȥʱ÷
1 ȥĶ磺
The police stopped me on my way home last night.
2 ȥڵ״̬磺
They werent able to come because they were so busy.
3. һȥʱʱ״
yesterdaythree months agolast yearin 1979oftenalwaysȡ
һѧĸɣ
1 r. Mott is out. But he ______ here a few minutes ago.
A. was B. is C. will be D. would be
ʱǰĶ Ӧһȥʱ Ӧѡ A
2---Hi, Tom.
---Hello, Fancy. I ______ you were here.
A.dont know B.wont think C. think D. didnt know
Ȼûȷʱ״ ǿͨᄈжϳ 仰ָʱ䲢֪ ǰһ ӦѡA
3He promised to tell me by himself when I ______.
A. come B. would come C. came D. had come
ʱ״ӾУһȥʱʾȥӦѡC






ٶ:Ӣһȥʽ֪ʶ

------վԴȨԭУַȨϵǡ

    ۣ

Ŀǰû


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